Haiti, poorest country in water in the world
"You ain't gonna miss your water until your well runs dry"

In less than a century, Haiti has gone from being a country of tropical forests with plenty of water, to being a semi-arid and deforested land, which has significantly affected the freshwater resources. Only 63 percent of the population has access to a protected water source, the lowest rate throughout the hemisphere. This fact is extremely worrying because many of the people that are considered to have Access to water, can only Access it intermittently, on top of the fact that when they do, it's quality is questionable.

Sanitation infrastructure is very low, with only a 27% access to sanitation. The country does not have sewage systems. Most private property is equipped with latrines and wells dug in the same plot. About 30% (43% in rural areas) do not have a space in their property they can as a toilet.

The lack of safe water and sanitation in Haiti is responsible for many diseases like diarrhea, typhoid and cholera. One of the main problems related to water and sanitation is the lack of human resources and of operators to manage these public utilities. The public sector has been immersed in an institutional reform to improve management and efficiency of water services and sanitation.

Water resources in Haiti, scarce in certain regions and overabundant in others, have an annual deficit of 14.8 billion cubic meters, while the country experiences an increase in demand per capita. This finding highlights the lack of collective management of common property and the need for a social organization to manage the water resources rationally. In Haiti, the multiple problems of water shortage are based on both the geographical distribution of resources as well as the deterioration of water quality due to pollution and contamination.

Kathryn Bolles, director of emergency health and nutrition organization, indicates that "Because clean water is very scarce, families in makeshift camps may be forced to use contaminated water to mix baby formula, which puts infants at risk of life-threatening diarrhea ,"

For Action Against Hunger, the fact that people don't have access to drinking water, has become a real public health problem. Water-related diseases are a major cause of infant mortality each year: they are the death cause of more than 30,000 children under the age of five.

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CEP Santa Rosa Marist Brothers - Sullana (Peru) and IES Manacor - Mallorca (Spain)
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